An in-depth information that will help you create and adapt setups throughout tracks and situations.
F1 Engineering: Creating and Adapting Setups
Within the sport the place each thousandth of a second counts, it’s crucial groups, engineers and drivers extract each increment of time attainable from the automobile. In System 1 2020, you might be all three and thus to emulate the greats, you should perceive find out how to setup a automobile.
On Michael Schumacher, Niki Lauda stated, “He was the proper racer, with pace, intuition and an excellent technical understanding.”
This information will bolster your technical understanding.
In System 1 2020 you possibly can alter a number of completely different parts of your automobile.
- Gas load
- Suspension geometry
There isn’t any one good setup since components like climate situation, monitor, and driver model will affect the efficiency. Furthermore, every automobile is modelled in a different way so specs like rake will fluctuate. It’s necessary to know find out how to adapt your setup to those situations, and in some circumstances, throughout the race.
In System 1 chances are you’ll tinker together with your automobile to your coronary heart’s content material all through the three observe classes which precede the race. Use P1, P2 and P3 to discover a setup which works for you. Take a look at completely different setups and see how the automobile handles and responds.
As soon as the automobile has left the storage in Qualification, you might be topic to Parc fermé and the variety of components you possibly can change on the automobile falls.
The weather you possibly can change embody:
- Gas Load
- Entrance Wing Aero
- On-throttle Differential
- Entrance Brake Bias
You will need to monitor the climate for the race and embody the forecast into your qualification setup, because you received’t be capable of change components not talked about above.
The automobile retains spinning (Oversteer)
Oversteer refers back to the movement of a automobile turning past the relative steering-input, inflicting the automobile to lose traction and finally spin.
To appropriate oversteer:
- Stiffen (enhance worth) the Entrance Anti-Roll Bar
- Soften (lower worth) the Rear Anti-Roll Bar
- Enhance Differential Lock
- Stiffen the Entrance Suspension
- Soften the Rear Suspension
- Set Brake Bias Ahead
- Modify the Rear Tyre Pressures*
The automobile received’t flip (Understeer)
Understeer refers back to the movement of a automobile turning lower than the relative steering-input, inflicting the automobile to overlook the nook apex and journey deeper into the nook.
To appropriate Understeer:
- Soften (lower worth) the Entrance Anti-Roll Bar
- Stiffen (enhance worth) the Rear Anti-Roll Bar
- Lower Differential Lock
- Soften the Entrance Suspension
- Stiffen the Rear Suspension
- Set Brake Bias to the Rear
- Enhance Wing Aero
- Modify the Rear Tyre Pressures*
The automobile is gradual (Aero)
Get out the Haas.
A automobile’s aerodynamics decide how briskly it may well nook and the car’s drag profile.
Optimum aerodynamics ought to be at as low an angle as attainable with out impeding on the traction and cornering capability.
Conversely, setting the aero angle increased will enhance downforce, enhancing grip, however will considerably influence straight-line pace.
Subsequently, aerodynamics values are extremely monitor particular. Monza (Italy) options a number of lengthy straights and thus you need to have a low aero angle.
Monte Carlo (Monaco) is a good monitor with gradual corners and thus you need to have the next aero angle.
Equally, altering the automobile’s Trip Top will have an effect on the drag profile.
Reducing the Trip Top will cut back drag and enhance the automobile’s straight-line pace, negatively affecting downforce.
Growing the Trip Top will enhance drag and cut back the automobile’s straight-line pace, positively affecting downforce.
The wheels hold locking up (Braking)
The wheels lock up when the braking load exceeds the automobile’s stopping energy.
To scale back the possibility of lock ups:
Touring uphill (USA T1) will cut back the gap required when braking.
Touring downhill (Austria T9) will enhance required when braking.
The tyres are degrading too quick (Pressures)
Tyre degradation (the speed at which they misplaced traction) is affected by driving model, tempo, monitor place, temperature and tyre compound.
Whereas the primary two components are particular person to the motive force and aren’t technical points, the latter three aren’t.
As a result of automobiles stick with the racing line, their extra rubber (marbles)-shed because the tyre degrades-collects outdoors this line. Driving off the road will trigger your tyres to gather these marbles, making the damage uneven, rising degradation.
Hotter temperatures-and elevated loads-will trigger the tyre to degrade sooner.
On a given race weekend, offering situations are dry, you might be given a alternative of three tyres. Tender, Medium and Arduous. The Tender tyres are the quickest to achieve optimum temperature and supply the quickest instances however will degrade the quickest of the three compounds.
Arduous tyres are slower to achieve their optimum temperature and supply the slowest instances however have the longest life.
Medium tyres are a mix of each.
*In F1 2020 you possibly can alter the strain of particular person tyres. Components comparable to monitor and temperature will have an effect on how it is best to adapt the tyre strain.
The Purple Bull Ring (Austria) has seven right-hand turns, and three left-hand turns. When cornering, the best load can be positioned on the skin tyre, which means at this monitor, the left-sided tyres—specifically the entrance left—will degrade sooner than the right-sided tyres.
The alternative is true.
Interlagos (Brazil) has 9 left-hand turns, and 6 right-hand turns. At this monitor, the right-sided tyres—specifically the entrance proper—will degrade sooner than the left-sided tyres.
As a automobile goes by means of a nook, the load positioned on the outer tyre will trigger it to extend in temperature, thereby rising strain and the speed at which it degrades. Tyres beneath the best load (Left in Austria, Proper in Brazil) ought to have a decrease strain than inside tyres to compensate.
Tyres with a decrease strain can have a better contact patch with the floor than ones with the next strain. This implies decrease pressures supply extra traction, which might help with issues like oversteer and moist climate. Nevertheless, tyres that are too malleable will influence straight line pace, reflecting the stability you could obtain.
Moist climate racing
Rain drastically alters the monitor situations and the way the automobile performs. The wheels can have much less traction-partially compensated for by tyre compounds—and the aerodynamics will shift.
To regulate for rain it is best to:
- Lower the Brake Strain
- Elevate the Trip Top
- Enhance Wing Aero
- Stiffen (Enhance worth) the Suspension
- Unlock (Decrease worth) the Differential
- Enhance Tyre Pressures*
I’ll quickly embody my setups for all 22 tracks, in each dry and moist situations the place relevant.
It’s finish. I hope “F1 2020 F1 Engineering: Creating and Adapting Setups” helps you. Be at liberty to contribute the subject. When you’ve got additionally feedback or recommendations, remark us.